Friday, September 11, 2009

The Source: news about digital libraries and library innovations from around the web

Introducing The Source

Cultural funding by government, 2007-08

From the Australian Bureau of Statistics website

This publication contains estimates of Australian public funding for arts and cultural activities, facilities and services across the three levels of government for 2007-08. Detailed expenditure by local governments for heritage and arts cultural activities, facilities and services is provided for the first time. For local governments, expenditure for the 2006-07 year has also been included.
Total government funding for cultural activities was $6.3 billion in 2007-08 ($6,311.4m). The Australian Government contributed $2,358.9m (37.4%) to total cultural funding while the state and territory governments contributed $2,952.2m (46.8%) and local governments provided $1,000.3m (15.8%). Libraries received $1,036.4m or 16.4% of total funding, including $653.4m from local government.


The relationship between public libraries and Google: Too much information

From the First Monday website

This article explores the implications of a shift from public to private provision of information through focusing on the relationship between Google and public libraries. This relationship has sparked controversy, with concerns expressed about the integrity of search results, the Google Book project and Google the company. In this paper, these concerns are treated as symptoms of a deeper divide, the fundamentally different conceptions of information that underpin the stated aim of Google and libraries to provide access to information. The paper concludes with some principles necessary for the survival of public libraries and their contribution to a robust democracy in a rapidly expanding Googleverse.


Social Networks and Teen Lives

From the Commonsense Media website

Social networking is now a major force in a teen’s daily social life. Commonsense Media’s recent poll reveals that social networking is moving communication from face to face to cyberspace - and that parents have a lot to learn when it comes to their children’s behaviours online.


Digital Literacy and Citizenship in the 21st century (Note: PDF)

From the Commonsense Media website

The dynamic new world requires new comprehension and communication skills, as well as new codes of conduct, to ensure that today’s powerful media and technologies are used responsibly and ethically. Much of the interaction in this digital world happens at a distance, which can diminish the rules of cause and effect, action and consequence. Additionally, much of digital life takes place under the cloak of anonymity, making it easier to participate in unethical and even illegal behaviours.


Urbanisation and our relationship with the city - presented by Antony Funnell in AUDIO and via TRANSCRIPT

From the Web 2.0 Summit website

The 21st century will see ever increasing levels of urbanisation. In this programme we look at the way we engage with the city. What do we need to take into account to ensure greater harmony between our future needs as individuals and the needs of the metropolis?


From PDF to MP3: Motivations for creating derivatives

From the First Monday website


With increasing frequency, authors are licensing their works in such a way so as to permit others to create derivative works. In some cases, these derivatives extend the impact of a work by providing a translation into another language or modifying the file format to make it more accessible. Seventeen creators of derivatives were surveyed on their motivations for doing so. They indicated that they were willing to create derivatives that extend the original content of a book because they want to help others access the work. Nearly all the people surveyed indicated they were glad they had created derivative works, often feeling like they were part of a community effort to share the work with others. These creators of derivatives believe that as awareness of open licenses increases, others will be encouraged to create derivative works.

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